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Pinus radiata D. Don
USDA Symbol: pira2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Symmetrical or flat-topped with age, this fast-growing pine has deep, glossly-green needles; dark, red-brown bark and persistent cones. Tree with straight trunk, narrow, irregular, open crown, and many closed cones grouped in rings. Grows from 40-70 ft. in height.
Although rare in its native California, Monterey Pine is one of the worlds most valuable pines and is the most common commercially planted one in the southern hemisphere (where pines are not native), especially in New Zealand, Australia, Chile, and South Africa. Like those of Knobcone and Bishop pines, the cones of Monterey Pine remain closed until opened by the heat of a forest fire; the abundant seeds are then discharged and begin a new forest. The cones may also burst open in hot weather with a snapping sound.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jan , Dec
CA Native Distribution: Endemic
to sites in Santa Cruz, Monterey & San Luis Obispo Cos., CA Native Habitat:
Dry, coastal, fog belt bluffs and slopes below 1000 ft. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: This pine is readily available in nurseries but should only be used on coastal areas with high summer humidity. It will survive only a few years in the interior. It is smog and wind tolerant.
PropagationDescription: Propagate by seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CA
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff