Pinus pungens Lamb.
Table Mountain pine, Hickory pine, Prickly pine
Pinaceae (Pine Family)
USDA Symbol: pipu5
A 40-60 ft. pine, the bold branching pattern resembling a giant bonsai. Short, dark-green needles are in bundles of 2-3. Large cones remain on the limbs for several years. Tree with rounded or irregular crown of stout, horizontal branches and abundant spiny cones in clusters along branches.
Easily seen at Shenandoah and Great Smoky Mountains National Parks, this tree of mountain ridges is the only pine restricted to the Appalachian Mountains. Called Hickory Pine because of the very tough hickorylike branches.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Size Class: 36-72 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr
DistributionUSA: DC , DE , GA , MD , NC , NJ , PA , SC , TN , VA , WV
Native Distribution: Mts. from PA, to n.e. GA; also local in NJ
Native Habitat: Dry, rocky mountain slopes & ridges
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Dry, rocky soil.
Conditions Comments: Extremely drought-tolerant. Slow-growing.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Pinus pungens in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pinus pungens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinus pungens
MetadataRecord Modified: 2009-06-03
Research By: TWC Staff