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Pinus monticola Dougl. ex D. Don
Western white pine
USDA Symbol: pimo3
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
This 45-150 ft. evergreen forms a slender crown in thick stands or becomes more open and spreading when exposed. Branchlets are stout, bearing soft-textured, blue-green needles in groups of five. Bark is gray and smooth at first, becoming checked with flaking scales.
An important timber tree, Western White Pine is also a leading match wood, because of its uniformly high grade without knots, twisted grain or discoloration. It is one of the worlds largest pines; the champion near Medford, Oregon, is 239 (72.8 m) tall. White pine blister rust, caused by an introduced fungus (Cronartium ribicola), is a serious disease of this and other 5-needle white pines; a resistant strain is being developed.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr
CA , ID , MT , NV , OR , UT , WA Canada: BC Native Distribution:
Mts. of e. CA & w. NV to s. B.C. & w. Alt. Native Habitat:
Vartiety of mt. sites between 2000-9000 ft. USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: Strongly susceptible to white pine blister rust.
PropagationDescription: Grow from seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff