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Native Plant Database

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Pinus glabra (Spruce pine)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Pinus glabra

Pinus glabra Walter

Spruce pine

Pinaceae (Pine Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: pigl2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Spruce pine is a 100 ft. evergreen with bark unlike that of other pines. At first smooth and gray, it later becomes closely ridged, suggestive of spruces. Needles are short, 1-4 in., and in bundles of two.

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Leaf: Green
Flower:
Fruit:
Size Class: More than 100 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May

Distribution

USA: AL , DC , FL , GA , LA , MS , SC
Native Distribution: Coastal Plain from SC to n. FL & s.e. LA
Native Habitat: Rich woods & hammocks; coastal plain bottomlands

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Soil Description: Moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Spruce pine is considered an excellent ornamental for the southeastern U.S.

Propagation

Description: Propagate by seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Pretreatment is usually not necessary, but germination of pine seeds exhibiting dormancy can be hastened by cold stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:

Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS

Bibliography

Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Pinus glabra in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pinus glabra in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinus glabra

Metadata

Record Last Modified: 2013-09-05
Research By: TWC Staff

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