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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Pinus elliottii Engelm.
USDA Symbol: piel
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
This is a 90 ft. pine which looses its lower branches with age, forming a open, rounded crown. Dark-green needles in bundles of 2-3 are relatively long. Large tree with narrow, regular, pointed crown of horizontal branches and long needles. Bark is gray and scaly.
An important species both for lumber and naval stores and one of the fastest-growing southern pines, Slash Pine is extensively grown in forest plantations both in its natural range and farther north. Its beauty makes it popular as a shade and ornamental tree. A variety, South Florida Slash Pine (var. densa Little & Dorman) is a medium-sized tree of south and central Florida with needles mostly 2 in a bundle and with a grasslike seedling stage.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape:
Dark Green Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Dec
, TX Native Distribution:
Coastal Plain from s. SC
to s. FL,
also lower FL
Keys, w. to s.e. LA Native Habitat:
Low, damp, open woods
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist CaCO3 Tolerance:
Low Soil Description:
Moist, acid soils. Conditions Comments:
There are two varieties of this species is s. FL. The typical slash pine is var. elliottii. The variety occuring on the FL
Keys and n. along both coasts to c. FL
is var. densa. The species is abundantly planted in reforestation. Fairly susceptible to fusiform rust. Salt tolerant.
PropagationDescription: Sow fresh, untreated seed in late fall.
Seed Collection: Collect cones from vigorous trees in late summer and fall just before they completely open to drop seeds. Spread cones on racks to dry so they will release seeds. Cones may be shaken to release seeds. Store at a moisture content of 5-10% fresh weight.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
- Picayune, MS
Record Last Modified: 2008-04-01
Research By: TWC Staff