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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Pinus clausa (Chapm. ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sarg.
Synonym(s): Pinus clausa ssp. immuginata, Pinus clausa var. immuginata, Pinus virginiana ssp. clausa
USDA Symbol: picl
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Florida’s small to medium-sized pine, a tree with rounded or flattened crown.
The two geographic races differ in time of cone opening. When dense stands of the Ocala race with closed cones are killed by a crown fire, the cones open and release seeds for another forest. The cones of the Choctawhatchee race open at maturity, producing open, uneven-aged stands burned by less destructive surface fires.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
, NC Native Distribution:
NE. to S. Florida (Ocala race) and in NW. Florida and extreme S. Alabama (Choctawhatchee race); to 200 (61 m). Native Habitat:
Well-drained sandy soils; often in pure stands.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Record Last Modified: 2008-04-01
Research By: TWC Staff