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Stone, Robert L.
Phoradendron leucarpum (Raf.) Reveal & M.C. Johnst.
Mistletoe, Oak mistletoe
Viscaceae (Christmas Mistletoe Family)
Synonym(s): Phoradendron eatonii, Phoradendron flavescens, Phoradendron flavescens var. orbiculatum, Phoradendron macrotomum, Phoradendron serotinum, Phoradendron serotinum var. macrotomum, Viscum flavescens
USDA Symbol: phle14
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Semi-parasitic shrub with short, interrupted, axillary clusters of tiny yellow flowers on smooth, green, jointed stems.
This is the common Mistletoe hung at Christmastime. The genus name derives from the Greek phor a thief, and dendron tree, and refers to their getting at least some nourishment from the trees on which they grow. The fruits are covered with a sticky substance poisonous to man, but relished by such birds as cedar waxwings and bluebirds. The birds spread the seeds through their droppings and by wiping their beaks on branches, where a new plant may become established. The small, northern Dwarf Mistletoe (Arceuthobium pusillum), has short yellow-green stems 1 (2.5 cm) long, with leaves reduced to thin brown scales. This plant occurs only on evergreens, especially spruce, and is found in northern bogs south to New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and west to Michigan.
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Sep , Oct
, WV Native Distribution:
New Jersey and Pennsylvania south to Florida and west to West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, and eastern Texas. Native Habitat:
Parasitic on branches of deciduous
trees exposed to sun.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff