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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Phegopteris hexagonoptera (Michx.) Fée
Broad beechfern, Broad beech fern
Synonym(s): Dryopteris hexagonoptera, Thelypteris hexagonoptera
USDA Symbol: phhe11
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Fronds of the broad beech fern occur singly along a creeping rhizome and are 1-2 ft. long, twice-pinnate, and broadly triangular, holding a bright-green color throughout the entire growing season. The lowermost, two pinnae point downward. Along the rachis (the central axis found within the blade portion of the fern) is a conspicuous wing – an extension of the green, leafy material.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Not Applicable
Bloom Notes: Not a flowering plant. Reproduces by spores.
, WV Canada: ON
, QC Native Distribution:
Que. & ME
to Ont. & s.e. MN,
s. to n. FL
& TX Native Habitat:
Moist, undisturbed, hardwood forests
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement:
Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist Soil Description:
Moist, acid, humus-rich soil. Conditions Comments:
Broad beech fern
spreads rapidly. It dies back in the winter and when it receives too much sun.
Propagate by spores or rhizome
division. Seed Collection:
Not Available Seed Treatment:
Not Available Commercially Avail:
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Delaware Nature Society
- Hockessin, DEMt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-09
Research By: TWC Staff