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Parthenocissus heptaphylla (Buckley) Britton ex Small
Sevenleaf creeper, Seven-leaf Creeper
Synonym(s): Ampelopsis heptaphylla, Psedera heptaphylla, Vitis heptaphylla
USDA Symbol: pahe4
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Resembling Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) but much less common, limited to the Edwards Plateau and Lampasas Cut Plain of Central Texas, where it is endemic; tendrils without disks, leaflets narrower, thicker, and shorter than in Virginia Creeper, up to 2 1/2 inches long, and turning color later in the fall. Leaflets usually 7 in number, but may be 5 or 6.
Seven-leaf Creeper looks very much like and has similar growing requirements to Virginia Creeper, the latter having five leaflets instead of seven. Vine found on soil underlain with limestone. Both species show orange and red fall color when grown in the sun. May be used as a climbing vine or trailing groundcover, though it is less likely to climb up walls the way Virginia Creeper does because it lacks adhesive disks. Reported to be a less aggressive grower than Virginia Creeper.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Vine Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Complexity: Palmate Leaf Shape: Oblanceolate Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous Leaf Apex: Acuminate Leaf Base: Cuneate Leaf Texture:
Smooth Breeding System:
, Monoecious Inflorescence: Corymb Size Notes:
to 10 meters (circa 30 feet) Leaf:
Green, turning red or orange in fall Autumn Foliage:
Flowers in 4-8 cm corymbs
Dark blue to black 1 cm Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May
DistributionUSA: TX Native Distribution: Endemic
to Edwards Plateau and Lampasas Cut Plain of central Texas: Bell, Lampasas, Williamson, Brown, Hamilton, and Burnet counties. Native Habitat:
Climbing on vegetation in rocky or sandy soils in woods and river bottoms.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Conditions Comments: Seven-leaf creeper has similar growing requirements to Virginia creeper.
BenefitUse Ornamental: A groundcover or twining climber for central Texas, with glossier leaves and bushier stature than, but otherwise similar appearance to Virginia Creeper.
Interesting Foliage: yes
Deer Resistant: Moderate
Softwood Cuttings Description:
Roots easily from softwood stem
cuttings approximately pencil-width. Cut in spring or early in summer for fall.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0203
Collected Apr. 6, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
Record Last Modified: 2009-11-17
Research By: DIEHL, WFS, GDG