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Native Plant Database

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Passiflora foetida (Corona de cristo)
Marcus, Joseph A.

Passiflora foetida

Passiflora foetida L.

Corona de Cristo, Scarlet-fruit passion flower, Fetid passionflower

Passifloraceae (Passion-Flower Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: pafo2

USDA Native Status: L48 (NI), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Flower:
Fruit:
Size Class: 3-6 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Green , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct

Distribution

USA: AZ , FL , HI , MD , TX
Native Distribution: Thickets, ditches, and meadows in sands and saline low spots in South Texas.
Native Habitat: Thickets, Ditches, Ravines, Depressions

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Sandy, Saline tolerant, Calcareous
Conditions Comments: Its flowers open in the morning and close in the evening. Just as attractive are the large, bright red fruits. This vine grows in sands and suckers vigorously. It can become a nuisance.

Benefit

Use Ornamental: Blooms ornamental, Fruits ornamental, Arbor, Twines on fences & other plants
Use Food: Fruits are mildly sweet, sometimes tart. Young leaves and plant tips are edible.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Larval Host: Gulf Fritillary
Deer Resistant: Moderate

Propagation

Propagation Material: Seeds
Description: Roots easily from tip and stem cuttings.
Commercially Avail: yes

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Passiflora foetida is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Gulf Fritillary
(Agraulis vanillae)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

National Wetland Indicator Status

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FACU FAC FACU
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
National Butterfly Center - Mission, TX

Herbarium Specimen(s)

NPSOT 0442 Collected Jul 4, 1993 in Comal County by Mary Beth White

Bibliography

Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 281 - Shinners & Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas (1999) Diggs, G. M.; B. L. Lipscomb; B. O'Kennon; W. F...
Bibref 36 - Useful wild plants of Texas, the southeastern and southwestern United States, the southern plains, and northern Mexico (1995) S. Cheatham; M. C. Johnston; L. Marshall
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Passiflora foetida in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Passiflora foetida in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Passiflora foetida

Metadata

Record Last Modified: 2011-04-02
Research By: TWC Staff, WFS

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