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Native Plant Database

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Orthilia secunda (Sidebells wintergreen)
Weyand, Phyllis

Orthilia secunda

Orthilia secunda (L.) House

Sidebells wintergreen, One-sided Wintergreen

Pyrolaceae (Wintergreen Family)

Synonym(s): Orthilia secunda ssp. obtusata, Orthilia secunda var. obtusata, Pyrola secunda, Pyrola secunda ssp. obtusata, Pyrola secunda var. obtusata, Ramischia elatior, Ramischia secunda

USDA Symbol: orse

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)

Low patches of shiny, bright green leaves below racemes of 6-20 whitish-green or white flowers all turned to one side.

This species is also found south to Central America and in Eurasia. It is the only species in the genus Orthilia; it was once included in Pyrola, a larger genus of species that inhabit damp woods. Both common names refer to the straight, one-sided flower cluster. Leaves remain green throughout the winter, hence the common name wintergreen.

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Fruit:

Bloom Information

Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug

Distribution

USA: AK , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , IA , ID , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MT , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , SD , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WY
Canada: NB , NL , NS , PE
Native Distribution: Alaska south and east to Labrador, and south to southern California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, and Nebraska; also in eastern United States and northern Mexico.
Native Habitat: Moist coniferous woods.

National Wetland Indicator Status

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FACU FACU FAC FACU FAC FAC FACU
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Orthilia secunda in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Orthilia secunda in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Orthilia secunda

Metadata

Record Last Modified: 2011-01-27
Research By: TWC Staff

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