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Orthilia secunda (L.) House
Sidebells wintergreen, One-sided Wintergreen
Pyrolaceae (Wintergreen Family)
Synonym(s): Orthilia secunda ssp. obtusata, Orthilia secunda var. obtusata, Pyrola secunda, Pyrola secunda ssp. obtusata, Pyrola secunda var. obtusata, Ramischia elatior, Ramischia secunda
USDA Symbol: orse
Low patches of shiny, bright green leaves below racemes of 6-20 whitish-green or white flowers all turned to one side.
This species is also found south to Central America and in Eurasia. It is the only species in the genus Orthilia; it was once included in Pyrola, a larger genus of species that inhabit damp woods. Both common names refer to the straight, one-sided flower cluster. Leaves remain green throughout the winter, hence the common name wintergreen.
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
, WY Canada: NB
, PE Native Distribution:
Alaska south and east to Labrador, and south to southern California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, and Nebraska; also in eastern United States and northern Mexico. Native Habitat:
Moist coniferous woods.
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2011-01-27
Research By: TWC Staff