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Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn
Oplopanax horridus Miq.
USDA Symbol: opho
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A sparsely branched, somewhat rangy shrub with giant maplelike leaves and crooked, pithy, canelike stems with long, stiff, yellow thorns. Devilís Club is a conspicuous understory shrub in boggy places within the Northwest coastal forest, where it makes off-trail travel difficult or impossible. The barbed thorns inflict unpleasant wounds and were long thought to be tipped with poison. Nevertheless, the plant is a beautiful, or at least unusual, component of the forest understory. Its giant leaves are adaptations to the dim light of its environment.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Flower:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Jul
AK , ID , MI , MT , OR , WA Canada: BC
, YT Native Distribution:
Alaska south in coastal forests to Oregon, east to both slopes of the Cascade Range, Idaho, Montana, Michigan, and Ontario. Native Habitat:
Wet, swampy places in shady forest. USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Bright red, flattened, shiny berries in August and September are a favourite of bears. Use Other: Native
Americans dried and pulverized the bark
for use as a deodorant. Certain tribes made a reddish cosmetic paint by mixing burned stems with grease. Believing that Devilís Club had magical powers, Northwest Coast Indians made charms from its wood and tied bits of bark
onto fish hooks to increase the chances of a large catch. Interesting Foliage:
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff