Manfreda virginica (L.) Salisb. ex Rose
False aloe, Rattlesnake master
Agavaceae (Century-Plant Family)
Synonym(s): Agave lata, Agave tigrina, Agave virginica, Allibertia intermedia, Manfreda tigrina, Manfreda virginica var. tigrina, Polianthes lata, Polianthes virginica
USDA Symbol: mavi5
The thick, leathery, strap-like leaves, to 16 in. long, occur in a basal rosette around the 4-5 ft., upright, flowering stalk of this perennial. Unusual, greenish-white, tubular flowers with conspicuous stamens are borne in a spike-like cluster atop the stalk.
Interesting architectural specimen for dry or well-drained garden soils in sun to partial shade.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Lanceolate
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Apex: Acuminate
Leaf Base: Cuneate
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Size Notes: scape 7-8 dm high or more
Leaf: green with or without spots
Flower: Flowers 25 mm long
Fruit: Black seeds 2 cm in dia.
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , OH , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV
Native Distribution: MD to s. OH & s. MO, s. to FL & TX
Native Habitat: Dry thickets & woods; sandstone outcroppings
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry, sterile, sometime alkaline soils.
Conditions Comments: Drought tolerant.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Spotted foliage and striking inflorescence makes the species an interesting element of xeric gardens.
Use Wildlife: Pollinated by sphinx moths.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
PropagationDescription: Can be propagated by seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
From the National Suppliers DirectoryAccording to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
ArcheWild Native Nurseries - Quakertown, PA
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Manfreda virginica in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Manfreda virginica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Manfreda virginica
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-10-25
Research By: JSC