Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link
Starry false lily of the valley, Starry false Solomon's seal, Star-flowered Solomon's seal
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
Synonym(s): Convallaria stellata, Smilacina liliacea, Smilacina sessilifolia, Smilacina stellata, Smilacina stellata var. crassa, Smilacina stellata var. mollis, Smilacina stellata var. sessilifolia, Smilacina stellata var. sylvatica, Vagnera liliacea, Vagnera sessilifolia, Vagnera stellata
USDA Symbol: mast4
Starry false solomonís-seal is a dainty perennial with a single, unbranched, arching stem, bearing a small, terminal cluster of white, star-shaped flowers. Dark-green, oval leaves line the 8-10 in. stem. Dark berries follow the flowers.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit: Black, Green
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AK , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MT , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SD , TN , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , BC , NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , SK
Native Distribution: AK to Lab., s. to VA, AR, NM mts. & CA
Native Habitat: Moist woods; gravelly or alluvial shores; thickets; meadows; savannas
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil Description: Moist, especially sandy, soils.
Conditions Comments: This species adapts to a variety of sites and soils and increases rapidly. It can be used as a ground cover.
BenefitUse Medicinal: Like onions, the fleshy roots were used to flavour other foods. Medicinlly, the roots were chewed raw or used in syrups and teas to relieve coughs. They were also applied as poultices to burns and swellings. (Kershaw)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Fall rhizome division and division of mature plants are propagation options. Seed may also be used.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Cold-warm-cold stratification enhances the germination rate.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Suppliers DirectoryAccording to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Oregon Native Plant Nursery - Woodburn, OR
Prairie Nursery - Westfield, WI
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Maianthemum stellatum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Maianthemum stellatum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Maianthemum stellatum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-06-24
Research By: TWC Staff