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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Mammillaria heyderi Muehlenpf.
Little nipple cactus
USDA Symbol: mahe2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Solitary, globular cactus, up to 4 inches in diameter with milky sap; stem solitary, noticeably sunken on top, wider than tall; axils initially woolly; flowers mostly cream, forming a circle around stem below the apex. The flowers are cream to salmon colored and the fruits bright red but quite small. Flowering Mar-Aug; fruiting Aug-Mar.
Mammillaria heyderi is a very short cactus that can be difficult to spot in the winter when it is nearly below ground level and may be partially covered in gravel. In the spring and summer, it is usually above surrounding ground and more visible. Mammillaria heyderi is found on dry hillsides in lower to middle elevations. Chihuahuan desert scrub, Tamaulipan thorn scrub, and Edwards Plateau, usually limestone and alluvial substrates. Light shade in summer to full sun. Hardy at least to 10° F.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Cactus/Succulent Size Notes:
4 - 6 inches Flower:
Pink, yellow or cream, with a darker stripe underneath.
Red Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink , Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
Bloom Notes: Day-flowering
, TX Native Distribution:
Southeast Arizona, much of New Mexico, south Texas (along the Rio Grande); also Colorado and Oklahoma. Native Habitat:
Scrubland, grassland, pinyon-juniper foothills.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Drought Tolerance: High
Conditions Comments: minimum temperature 50 F
BenefitUse Medicinal: Pulp is cooked for relief of earache.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Deer Resistant: High
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
NPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter
- Fredericksburg, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1006
Collected 2007-03-28 in Crockett County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2013-07-01
Research By: TWC Staff