Lonicera dioica L.
Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)
Synonym(s): Lonicera dioica var. dasygyna, Lonicera dioica var. glaucescens, Lonicera dioica var. orientalis, Lonicera glaucescens, Lonicera glaucescens var. dasygyna
USDA Symbol: lodi2
Limber honeysuckle is a low, climbing, vine-like shrub with branches arching or twining 3-10 ft. from the plant. Distinctive, red, tubular flowers with yellow stamens are arranged in whorls at the end of branches. Red berries follow. Deciduous leaves are opposite, the uppermost pair being perfoliate. Fall foliage is yellow.
A semi-erect shrub or twining woody vine.
The genus, Lonicera, is named for Adam Lonicer (1528 - 1586), a German botanist noted for his 1557 revised version of Eucharius RŲsslinís herbal. He became professor of Mathematics in 1553 and Doctor of Medicine in 1554, becoming the town physician in Frankfurt-am-Main. His true interest though was herbs and the study of botany.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit: Red, Orange
Size Class: 3-6 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Orange , Yellow , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AR , CT , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SD , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , ON
Native Distribution: Que. to n.e. B.C., s. to NC, TN & OK
Native Habitat: Dry to wet, open woods, woodland edges & thickets
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Soil Description: Various moist to dry soils.
Conditions Comments: This species passes into var. glaucescens (larger leaves & smaller flowers) especially in the western part of its range.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Flowers attract hummingbirds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Bumble Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Species of Lonicera come easily from cuttings: hardwood cuttings outdoors or young summer shoots placed over bottom heat. Seeds germinate well if treated.
Seed Collection: Fruits of this genus are usually hand-picked and seeds are extracted by maceration.
Seed Treatment: Cold-moist stratification is necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
BibliographyBibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Lonicera dioica in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lonicera dioica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lonicera dioica
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-06-15
Research By: TWC Staff