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Lilium catesbaei (Pine lily) | NPIN
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Lilium catesbaei (Pine lily)
Tauscher, Joseph Allan

Lilium catesbaei

Lilium catesbaei Walter

Pine lily, Southern red lily, Catesby's lily

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: lica4

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A 2 ft. perennial with alternate, narrow, ascending leaves. The single, terminal flower is erect; the petals and similar sepals are curved backward and are orange toward the tip, yellow and purple-spotted toward the base.

Catesby’s Lily is a member of the lily family (family Liliaceae). Lilies are mostly perennial herbs from rhizomes, bulbs, or corms. The family is extremely complex, and botanists estimate 250 genera and 4,000-6,000 species. Many, including tulips and day lilies, are handsome ornamentals. Asparagus, Sarsaparilla, onions, and the medicinally useful Aloe are from the family.

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Flower: Flowers 5 to 6 inches across
Fruit: 2 inches
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Orange
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep

Distribution

USA: AL , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC , VA
Native Distribution: Coastal plain from s.e. VA to s. MS & LA
Native Habitat: Wet pinelands, savannas, coastal plains, & bogs

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Drought Tolerance: Low
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Wet, acid soils.
Conditions Comments: Likes moist soils. Tolerates flooding in winter.

Benefit

Use Ornamental: Valued for brilliant scarlet-orange flowers in late summer.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Nectar Source: yes

Propagation

Description: Propagation is easiest from division of the scaly bulb, which can be dug as soon as the plant goes dormant and the seed is ripe in late summer. Seeds planted just after collection with usually germinate in the fall and overwinter as tiny bulbs, resuming
Seed Collection: Collect 6-8 weeks after bloom period when the capsule have turned brown and begun to split. Store seeds moist in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE

Bibliography

Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Lilium catesbaei in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lilium catesbaei in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lilium catesbaei

Metadata

Record Modified: 2013-09-11
Research By: TWC Staff

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