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Vick, Albert F. W.
Leiophyllum buxifolium (Bergius) Elliott
Synonym(s): Dendrium buxifolium, Kalmia buxifolia, Leiophyllum buxifolium var. hugeri, Leiophyllum buxifolium var. prostratum, Leiophyllum hugeri, Leiophyllum lyonii
USDA Symbol: lebu
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A small, delicate, evergreen shrub of great variability in the wild. A low, upright, widely branching, evergreen shrub with crowded, leathery leaves and small, pink or pinkish-white flowers in dense clusters. Usually a dense shrub 1 1/2-3 ft. high in cultivation. Slender stems bear dark, lustrous green leaves which become bronzy in cold weather. Rose-colored flower buds open to white flowers tipped with pink in small, terminal clusters.
The genus name is from the Greek leios (“smooth”) and phyllon (“leaf”). The species name also refers to the leaves, which are similar to those of boxes (Buxus).
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun
, TN Native Distribution:
Mts. & lower piedmont of the Carolinas; also barrens of NJ Native Habitat:
Dry, sandy barrens; thin, moist mt. woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist, acid sand/peat soil.
Conditions Comments: A variable species, usually divided into three varieties. Does not tolerate drought. No serious disease or insect problems.
Increase with seeds under a mist tent, root cuttings, layering, or stem
cuttings. Seed Collection:
Not Available Seed Treatment:
Not Available Commercially Avail:
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Evergreen plants safe for horses in Louisville, Kentucky
May 16, 2010
I have a horse farm in Louisville, Ky. I want to plant evergreen plants along the walls in front of the horse barns. What types of plants are not toxic to horses can I use? Thank you so much for all y...
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National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Mt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff