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Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn
Justicia californica (Benth.) D. Gibson
Beloperone, Hummingbird bush, Chuparosa
Synonyms: Beloperone californica
USDA Symbol: juca8
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Hummingbird-bush or chuparosa is a deciduous sub-shrub to 4 ft., with green, spreading/arching, often leafless branches. Succulent oval leaves are gray-green. Showy, tubular flowers occur in short, axillary racemes and are either red, orange or yellow.
Very few species of the huge tropical genus Justicia extend north into the United States. The common name Chuparosa is Spanish for hummingbird; these birds frequently visit the nectar-rich plants, pollinating flower after flower as they feed. Linnets and sparrows bite off the flowers and eat the nectar-filled bases. Sometimes known locally as Honeysuckle, Chuparosa is said to have been eaten by the Papago people of the Southwest.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Orange , Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
AZ , CA Native Distribution:
S. AZ, s.e. CA & n.w. Mex. Native Habitat:
Rocky, desert washes; 1000 to 4000 ft. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement:
Sun Soil Moisture:
Dry Soil Description:
Dry, rocky soils. Conditions Comments:
Does not take total desert drought, as it is native
to desert washes. Will freeze to the ground but will usually grow back. American water-willow is a great addition to water gardens. It blooms throughout the summer and colonizes by underground stems. It will grow in moist soil or submerged in a few feet of water. Larval food plant for the Texan Crescentspot butterfly.
Propagate by seed. Seed Collection: Fruit
is a capsule. Seed Treatment:
Seeds germinate without pretreatment. Commercially Avail:
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CA
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Record Modified: 2009-12-31
Research By: TWC Staff