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Iva frutescens

Iva frutescens L.

High-tide bush, High-water shrub, Jesuit's bark, Marsh elder

Asteraceae (Aster Family)


USDA Symbol: ivfr

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

A succulent, bushy-branched shrub, 2-10 ft. tall with opposite, pubescent, narrowly lance-shaped leaves. Greenish-white flowers occur singly in upper leaf axils.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf: Green
Fruit: Not conspicuous
Size Class: 6-12 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: AL , CT , DE , FL , GA , LA , MA , MD , ME , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , PA , RI , SC , TX , VA
Canada: NS
Native Distribution: Coastal areas from NJ to FL & s.e. TX
Native Habitat: Saline marshes & shores

Growing Conditions

Water Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Moist to wet, saline soils.
Conditions Comments: An attractive shrub for wet, salty areas that will support little other vegetation. Requires little to no care but can be pruned and shaped regularly.


Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds


Description: Not Available
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Suppliers Directory

According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:

Edge of the Woods Native Plant Nursery - Orefield, PA

Additional resources

USDA: Find Iva frutescens in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Iva frutescens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Iva frutescens


Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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