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Iris verna L.
Dwarf violet iris, Vernal iris, Dwarf iris
USDA Symbol: irve
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A small, fragrant iris of Southeastern pinelands, Post Oak (Quercus stellata) woods, and coastal plains, Iris verna blooms in early spring on short stalks before its leaves start their seasons growth. I. verna var. verna, of the coastal plains, has grassier foliage. Iris verna var. smalliana, found in mountainous areas, looks very similar to I. cristata.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen Size Notes:
Flowers appear on 2 inch stalks before leaf growth begins. Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Blue , Violet , Brown
Bloom Notes: Intensely fragrant. Blooms appear in early spring before leaf growth starts.
AL , AR , DC , FL , GA , KY , MD , MS , NC , NY , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , WV Native Habitat:
Pine forests, Post Oak woods, mountains, and coastal plains USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Highly acid
BenefitUse Ornamental: Valued for subtle color in Southeastern shade gardens and woodlands.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Delaware Nature Society
- Hockessin, DE
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2010-08-03
Research By: TWC Staff