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Illicium floridanum Ellis
Florida anisetree, Florida anise, Anise tree, Stinkbush
USDA Symbol: ilfl
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Florida anisetree is much-branched, upright broadleaf evergreen shrub, 6-10 ft. high, with a compact outline. Large, lance-shaped, evergreen leaves are lustrous, dark-green above, pale beneath and very aromatic when bruised. Maroon-purple flowers occur singly and are composed of 20-30 strap-like petals. Dehiscent seed follicles, arranged in whorls, have a star-like appearance.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May
, MS Native Distribution: FL
to e. LA Native Habitat:
Moist, wooded ravines; seepage areas; swamp margins
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Description:
Moist, well-drained, rich soils. Conditions Comments:
This plant requires pruning in early years to keep in shape. No serious disease or insect pests. The entire shrub
has a strong, pungent odor. It sometimes self-sows.
PropagationDescription: Seeds germinate easily. Firm-wooded cuttings root well.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FACW || FACW |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-07
Research By: TWC Staff