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Illicium floridanum Ellis
Florida anisetree, Florida anise, Anise tree, Stinkbush
USDA Symbol: ilfl
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Florida anisetree is much-branched, upright broadleaf evergreen shrub, 6-10 ft. high, with a compact outline. Large, lance-shaped, evergreen leaves are lustrous, dark-green above, pale beneath and very aromatic when bruised. Maroon-purple flowers occur singly and are composed of 20-30 strap-like petals. Dehiscent seed follicles, arranged in whorls, have a star-like appearance.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May
AL , FL , GA , LA , MS Native Distribution:
FL to e. LA Native Habitat:
Moist, wooded ravines; seepage areas; swamp margins USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Description:
Moist, well-drained, rich soils. Conditions Comments:
This plant requires pruning in early years to keep in shape. No serious disease or insect pests. The entire shrub
has a strong, pungent odor. It sometimes self-sows.
PropagationDescription: Seeds germinate easily. Firm-wooded cuttings root well.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
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Record Modified: 2009-02-18
Research By: TWC Staff