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Hymenocallis caroliniana (L.) Herb.
Carolina spiderlily, Carolina spider-lily, Rain lily
Synonym(s): Hymenocallis coronaria, Hymenocallis georgiana, Hymenocallis occidentalis, Hymenocallis palusvirensis, Pancratium carolinianum
USDA Symbol: hyca9
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Carolina spider-lily is a smooth, fleshy or succulent perennial,1 1/2-2 1/2 ft. tall. Fragrant, white, spider-like, blossoms, up to 7 in. across, occur in clusters of up to six at the top of leafless stalks. The leaves are pale-green, shiny, and up to 2 ft. long.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
, TX Native Distribution:
to s. MO,
s. to the Gulf Native Habitat:
Swamps; moist fields; bottomlands
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
High Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Wet CaCO3 Tolerance:
Medium Soil Description:
Sandy, wet soils. Conditions Comments:
will multiply to form a dense clump. Good in wet, boggy settings and in water gardens. Foliage dies back in mid-summer.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Poisonous to many animals.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Divide small bulbs from base of mature bulbs. Can also be propagated by seed planted shallowly.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-11
Research By: TWC Staff