En EspaŅol
Geum rivale (Purple avens) | NPIN

NPIN: Native Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Search native plant database:
See a list of all Plants

Geum rivale (Purple avens)
Smith, R.W.

Geum rivale

Geum rivale L.

Purple avens, Water avens

Rosaceae (Rose Family)


USDA Symbol: geri2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)

A hairy perennial with several purple flowers nodding from a 1 ft. high flowering stem. Large basal leaves are divided into three, lobed leaflets. Leaves along the flowering stem are also divided but much smaller.


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf: Green
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul


USA: CO , CT , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MT , ND , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , PA , RI , SD , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: NB , NS , PE
Native Distribution: Lab. to B.C. & Okanogan Co., WA, s. to n. NJ, WV, n. IL & ND; & in the Rockies to NM
Native Habitat: Swamps; wet meadows; bogs

Growing Conditions

Water Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Wet to moist, acid soils.
Conditions Comments: A robust grower.


Conspicuous Flowers: yes


Description: Will grow from seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Seed needs no pretreatment.
Commercially Avail: yes

From the National Suppliers Directory

According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:

Amandas Garden - Springwater, NY
* Available Online from Wildflower Center Store


* The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Recommended Species Lists

Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.

View Recommended Species page

Additional resources

USDA: Find Geum rivale in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Geum rivale in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Geum rivale


Record Modified: 2012-10-03
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back

© 2014 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center