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Vick, Albert F. W.
Gentianopsis crinita (Froel.) Ma
Greater fringed gentian, Fringed gentian
Synonym(s): Anthopogon crinitum, Gentiana crinita, Gentiana ventricosa, Gentianella crinita, Gentianella crinita ssp. nevadensis
USDA Symbol: gecr2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Greater fringed-gentian is a beautiful, autumn-flowering plant, 8-24 in. tall, often branched above. Showy, blue flowers have four spreading petals that are fringed at the end and part way down the sides. A single, blue, fringed flower, opening in the sun and closing at night, is at the end of each erect stem of a branching plant. The petals are twisted together when the flower is closed.
One of the most beautiful of the gentians, with its delicately fringed petals and striking blue color, it is becoming rare and must not be picked. It is a biennial, and along with the other gentians, is among the last wildflowers to bloom in the late summer and fall. The Smaller Fringed Gentian (G. virgata) is similar but has narrow leaves, a shorter fringe, and is only 6-18 inches (15-45 cm) high. It occurs in midwestern, boggy prairies and limy areas. Both the common and generic names of this group come from that of King Gentius of Illyria, who, according to the Ancient Roman naturalist Pliny, discovered the medicinal qualities of the roots for use as an emetic, cathartic, and tonic.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual Habit: Herb Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Blue
Bloom Time: Sep , Oct
, WV Canada: ON Native Distribution:
& mts. of GA,
w. to Man. & IA Native Habitat:
Moist, limey woods; meadows; stream banks
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist, limey soils.
Conditions Comments: To form a colony, seedlings must be set out two consecutive years. If the plants are given the proper conditions they will self-sow.
PropagationDescription: Seeds must be sown as soon as ripe as they lose viability quickly. Scratch seeds onto the soil. Plants grow very little the first year, but with care they will mature, bloom, set seed and die, completing their life cycle, the second year.
Seed Collection: Approximate collection date in northern U.S.: Late Oct. through Nov. Seeds can be allowed to dry out before sowing.
Seed Treatment: This species requires or benefits from a three month period of cold moist stratification in the refrigerator.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
- Hinton, WVAmerican Native Nursery
- Quakertown, PA
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Mt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2012-08-18
Research By: TWC Staff