Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Search native plant database:
Flaigg, Norman G.
Gaillardia suavis (Gray & Engelm.) Britt. & Rusby
Perfumeballs, Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia
Synonyms: Gaillardia trinervata
USDA Symbol: gasu
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Perfumeballs or rayless gaillardia is a slender, upright, clumped perennial, to 24 in. tall, often forming dense stands. Fragrant, solitary flowers are terminal on leafless stalks. Rays are few, yellow to orange or red, very short, and soon falling off. Reddish-brown disk flowers are numerous, forming a rounded, pincushion-like head. Leaves are all basal.
Not as showy as G. pulchella, but what it lacks in color is made up in fragrance. Adequate moisture and removal of mature flower heads will encourage flowering until fall.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Size Notes:
1-2 feet. Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color:
Red , Brown Bloom Time:
Mar , Apr , May Bloom Notes: Ray
flowers sometimes absent.
KS , OK , TX Native Distribution:
OK & TX to n. Mex. Native Habitat:
Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs, Woodlands edge, Opening USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry Soil pH:
Acidic (pH<6.8) Soil Description:
Sandy, calcareous soils. Clay Loam, Clay, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam Conditions Comments:
petals on pincushion daisy are small and inconspicuous, but what the blooms lack in body, they make up for in fragrance. On
a warm day, a mass of blooming pincushion daisy exudes a pleasant aroma. The pompom flower heads lend variety to a garden and to flower arrangements.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Pocket prairie, Wildflower meadow
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Easily grown from seed.
Seed Collection: Collect seed in June.
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Adequate moisture and removal of mature flower heads will encourage flowering until fall.
Find Seed or Plants
Order seed of this species from Native American Seed and help support the Wildflower Center.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0743
Collected May 4. 1994 in Bexar County by Judith C. Berry
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-693
Collected 2008-07-02 in Blanco County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.
View Recommended Species page
Record Modified: 2012-06-16
Research By: TWC Staff