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Fritillaria pudica (Pursh) Spreng.
Yellow fritillary, Yellow missionbells, Golden bells
Synonym(s): Lilium pudicum, Ochrocodon pudicus
USDA Symbol: frpu2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
The stem of yellow missionbells or yellow fritillary grows 1 ft. high and is a dainty bearer of a clear yellow, hanging, bell-like flower. This dainty little plant has 1 yellow, narrowly bell-shaped flower hanging at the top of the flower stalk. There may be a pair or a whorl of linear leaves subtending the solitary (sometime 2-3 in a group) flower. The flower fades to red or purple.
A charming, modest Lily that can be mistaken for no other; the narrow yellow bell becomes rusty red or purplish as the flower ages.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
, WY Canada: AB
, BC Native Distribution:
S. B.C. to n. CA
(e. of the Cascades), e. to s.w. Alt., WY
& UT; also historically near Mandan, ND Native Habitat:
Grasslands; sagebrush desert; ponderosa or mixed conifer forests
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry CaCO3 Tolerance:
Medium Soil Description:
Dry, rocky soils. Conditions Comments:
Golden bells can not be grown successfully out of its range. In
the garden, fritillaries are often finicky, the bulbs are eaten by gophers, and the foliage is devoured by snails and slugs. In
addition, plants often take a year or two off from flowering, making only a single, broad, tongue-shaped basal leaf during those times. To assure good flowering, one needs a colony of several bulbs.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Bear and rodents eat the bulbs. Deer and other grazers eat the leaves and seed pods.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2013-06-21
Research By: TWC Staff