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Fraxinus cuspidata Torr.
Fragrant ash, Flowering ash
USDA Symbol: frcu
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Fragrant ash or flowering ash is a small tree or large shrub growing to a maximum height of 20 ft. Branches are slender and the bark is smooth gray, becoming scaly with age. Pinnate leaves, which become shiny dark-green, appear at the same time as the fragrant flowers. These unfurl in clusters 3-4 in. long. Each of the four, white petals is divided into long narrow lobes.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Breeding System:
, Monoecious Flower:
Flowers in 3 inch panicles
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun
AZ , NM , NV , TX Native Distribution:
W. TX to AZ & adjacent Mex. Native Habitat:
Hillsides, Slopes, Canyons USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Limestone or black clay soils. Limestone-based, Caliche type, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
Aromatic, Understory tree,
Attractive, Blooms ornamental Use Wildlife:
Cover, Nesting site, Browse, Seeds-granivorous birds. Conspicuous Flowers:
Butterflies Larval Host:
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Seeds may be sown outdoors after collection or stored and stratified then sown in spring.
Seed Treatment: Stratify in moist sand or perlite for 30-60 days at 41 degrees.
Commercially Avail: yes
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Record Modified: 2009-02-20
Research By: TWC Staff