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Fragaria chiloensis (Beach strawberry)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Fragaria chiloensis

Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill.

Beach strawberry, Coast strawberry

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: frch

USDA Native Status: L48 (NI), AK (I), HI (N), CAN (N)

Shiny, dark-green, trifoliate leaves arise from the creeping, horizontal runners or this large-flowered, wild strawberry. A low plant connected to others by runners, at least when young, often growing in patches, with white flowers on stalks slightly shorter than leaves. The white, five-petaled flowers are followed on the female plants by large, red berries. Beach strawberry or coast strawberry is a perennial.

The word strawberry comes from the Anglo-Saxon streawberige, referring to the berries strewing their runners out over the ground. This plant also grows in South America; Chilean plants of this species were the parents in the production of hybrid domestic strawberries. Several species of wild strawberries in the West strongly resemble Beach Strawberry but have thin leaflets.

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Trifoliate
Leaf: Green
Flower:
Fruit:
Size Class: 0-1 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun

Distribution

USA: AK , CA , HI , NY , OH , OR , WA
Canada: BC
Native Distribution: Coast from AK to San Luis Obispo Co., CA; also HI
Native Habitat: Sandy, coastal areas

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: Coast strawberry is quite drought tolerant. It is not as aggressive and considered more attractive than other wild strawberries, making it an ideal, sand-binding ground cover. This species is one parent of the cultivated strawberries.

Benefit

Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds

Propagation

Description: The easiest method of increase is to use offset plants produced by the numerous runners. Offsets should be planted with crown at ground level. Seeds may be sown.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: No pretreatment is necessary, although 2 1/2-3 months stratification may hasten germination.
Commercially Avail: yes

Find Seed or Plants

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

National Wetland Indicator Status

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Bibliography

Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Bibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Fragaria chiloensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Fragaria chiloensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Fragaria chiloensis

Metadata

Record Last Modified: 2009-02-21
Research By: TWC Staff

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