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Miller, Holmes O.
Fritillaria affinis var. affinis (Schultes) Sealy
Checker lily, Chocolate lily, Mission bells, Rice-grain missionbells
Synonyms: Fritillaria lanceolata
USDA Symbol: frafa2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Rice-grain missionbells or checker lily is one of the most variable of the Fritillaria genus. The leafy flowering stalk reaches up to 4 ft. and carries one to twelve, pendent, cup-like flowers at its apex. The flowers are checkered with brown and green, sometimes with purple and yellow inside. Some are more green, others (near the coast) are nearly black-purple.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Simple Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul
CA , ID , OR , WA Canada: BC Native Distribution:
S. B.C., s., on both sides of the Cascades in WA & on the w. side in OR, to s. CA; also n. ID Native Habitat:
Prairies and grassy bluffs; woodlands; conifer forests USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: This species takes occasional summer water. In the garden, fritillaries are often finicky, the bulbs are eaten by gophers, and the foliage is devoured by snails and slugs. In addition, plants often take a year or two off from flowering, making only a single, broad, tongue-shaped basal leaf during those times. To assure good flowering, one needs a colony of several bulbs.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Other Showy Insects
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Many fritillaries have rice grain bulblets around the base from which new plantlets can be started. Propagation by seed is possible. Sow seeds in pots in the fall, plunge the pots in protected soil and hold the plants until the dormant periods of the se
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: No pretreatment is necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Oregon Native Plant Nursery
- Woodburn, OR
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff