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Fothergilla major (Sims) Lodd.
Mountain witchalder, Mountain witch-alder, Large fothergilla
USDA Symbol: foma
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Mountain witch-alder or large fothergilla is a 6-12 ft., deciduous shrub with picturesquely crooked, multiple stems. Dense, dark blue-green, leathery foliage becomes colorful in fall. The fragrant flower, appearing as a mass of stamens, is white and occurs in thimble-like, terminal spikes after the leaves have appeared.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Complexity: Simple Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May
, TN Native Distribution:
Scattered populations in the s.e. states Native Habitat:
Rich, mt. woods; rocky ravines; stream banks
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Acid, gravelly loams.
Conditions Comments: This plant is tremendously disease and insect resistant. It fits well in a woodland garden of azaleas and rhododendrons. To get the best floral and foliage display, give fothergillas as much sunshine as possible. Though most horticultural information contends this species requires acid, humusy soil, large fothergilla has been proven successful on poorly draining, silty clay with a pH up to 7.5. Always avoid very dry sites.
PropagationDescription: Semi-hardwood cuttings root with or without hormone. Rooted cuttings should not be moved until new vegetative growth is over an inch long or normal winter dormancy is completed. Sucker can be separated to increase the plant. Progagation by seed is tric
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Seed requires at least a six month warm-moist period, followed by a three month period of cold stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Delaware Nature Society
- Hockessin, DEMt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-08
Research By: TWC Staff