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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Erigeron philadelphicus L.
Philadelphia fleabane, Fleabane daisy
USDA Symbol: erph
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
The fleabane daisy grows along roadsides and in fields and woodlands. It has more than 150 threadlike, white ray flowers. The center, disk flowers are 5-toothed and yellow, and there are many flower heads to each much-branched stem. The yellow center with the large number of very fine ray flowers is the best identification. They are much finer than those of other daisies or asters. Flower heads are 1/2-3/4 inch across.
The geneus name, from Greek eri (early) and geron (old man), presumably refers to the fact that the plant flowers early and has a hoary down suggesting an old mans beard. Robins Plaintain (E. pulchellus) is slightly shorter and has fewer, but larger, lilac or violet flower heads, as well as stem leaves that are sparse and stalkless but do not clasp the stem; it is insect-pollinated and also spreads actively by runners.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Biennial Habit: Herb Leaf:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
, WY Canada: AB
, YT Native Distribution:
Throughout East, except Arctic; also in much of West. Native Habitat:
Rich thickets, fields, and open woods.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0507
Collected Apr 11, 1992 in Kendall County by Lottie Millsaps
Record Last Modified: 2012-12-07
Research By: TWC Staff