Ephedra viridis Coville
Mormon tea, Mormon-tea
Ephedraceae (Mormon-Tea Family)
USDA Symbol: epvi
Mormon-tea is a 3 ft. shrub with numerous yellowish-green branches. Paired, bristle-tipped leaves split and fall off early leaving a leafless, broom-like shrub. Cone-like flowers are light-yellow.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 3-6 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr
DistributionUSA: AZ , CA , CO , NM , NV , OR , UT , WY
Native Distribution: CA deserts & n. along e. slope of the Sierras to s.e. OR, e. to AZ & s.w. CO
Native Habitat: Deserts; dry, rocky slopes & canyon walls; 3000-7500 ft.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Dry, rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
PropagationDescription: Grown from seed. Seeds germinate best at alternating termperatures with quite cold nighttime temps. Seedlings grow rapidly and can be easily transplanted.
Seed Collection: On good seed years, abundant collections of seeds can be obtained by flailing the fruit branches over an open tray.
Seed Treatment: 1 month stratification gives good results.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.View Recommended Species page
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Ephedra viridis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Ephedra viridis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ephedra viridis
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff