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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Encelia farinosa A. Gray ex Torr.
Brittlebush, Goldhills, Incienso
Synonym(s): Encelia farinosa var. farinosa, Encelia farinosa var. phenicodonta, Encelia farinosa var. radians
USDA Symbol: enfa
A round, silvery-gray, leafy bush with bright yellow flower heads that bloom in loosely branched clusters on branched stalks well above the foliage. Goldhills or brittlebush is rounded in shape, growing 1-3 ft. high with fragrant, yellow, daisy-like flowers hovering above the woolly, almost-evergreen foliage. Early in the spring the leaves are pale green. By summertime, a new set of velvety-white leaves has appeared.
In full flower, Brittlebush seems a solid hemisphere of brilliant yellow. The stems exude a fragrant resin that was chewed by Native Americans and used as incense in the churches of Baja California. A similar species, California Encelia (E. californica), which grows near the coast in southern California, has only one head in each stalk.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
, UT Native Distribution: AZ
& s.w. UT
to s. CA,
s. to Mex. Native Habitat:
Dry, rocky slopes; brushy areas
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Rocky or sandy soils.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Increase by cultivating self-sown seedlings or by tip cuttings.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: No pretreatment is necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Groundcover for erosion control
September 23, 2008
I live in southern california. What is the best groundcover
to plant on a slope to prevent erosion?
view the full question and answer
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2010-06-12
Research By: TWC Staff