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Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult.
Common spikerush, Common spike-rush, Creeping spikesedge
USDA Symbol: elpa3
The culms of this grass-like, clumped perennial are 4-40 in. tall and are covered, on the lower part, with a reddish-purple sheath. The small, terminal, cylindrical spike is many-flowered and light green to dark brown. This is a rhizomatous plant that will eventually fill in large areas.
Bloom InformationBloom Color:
Not Applicable Bloom Time:
Jun , Jul , Aug Bloom Notes: Perianth
absent. Bloom time denotes fruiting period for
, WY Canada: NB
, PE Native Distribution:
Temperate & cold-temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere Native Habitat:
Wet places from sea level to moderate mt. elevations
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Moist to wet, often alkaline, soils.
Conditions Comments: Excellent for shore stabilization. This is a complex of great variability, with numerous, fairly unsuccessful attempts at subdivision. *In the East, E. smallii is sometimes used and includes the plants of E. palustris.
PropagationDescription: Not Available
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2012-07-06
Research By: TWC Staff