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Echinocereus enneacanthus (Pitaya)
Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn

Echinocereus enneacanthus

Echinocereus enneacanthus Engelm.

Pitaya, Strawberry cactus

Cactaceae (Cactus Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: ecen2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

The cylindrical stems of the strawberry cactus are 330 inches long and 1 1/24 inches in diameter. They grow in loose clusters of a few to as many as 100. New stems grow as side branches, near the ground, so their first growth tends to be lateral, later turning upward, giving them a long, curling appearance. There are 710 ribs on each stem. The plant is bright green with a wrinkled appearance, looking withered in dry periods. The stems are often yellow-green in sunny locations. The tubercles are about 1/8 inch in diameter and 1/41 1/2 inches apart on mature stems. This cactus has fewer spines and shows more plant surface than most cacti. The purplish-red flowers are 23 inches long and about the same in diameter. They have 1020 outer petals with pinkish, crinkled edges. The inner petals, 1235, are in 13 rows. Anthers on the stamens are yellow, and the pistil has 812 lobes like most other Echinocereus. The fruit is about 1 inch long, almost round, greenish to brown or purple.

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Size Notes: Less than 1
Flower: Flowers 2-2 1/2 inches long
Fruit:
Size Class: 0-1 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , Jul
Bloom Notes: diurnal

Distribution

USA: NM , TX
Native Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila)

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Heat Tolerant: yes

Benefit

Use Ornamental: Blooms ornamental, Attractive, Desert landscape
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Propagation

Propagation Material: Seeds

Bibliography

Bibref 1140 - Cacti (1991) Clive Innes and Charles Glass
Bibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Echinocereus enneacanthus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Echinocereus enneacanthus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Echinocereus enneacanthus

Metadata

Record Last Modified: 2007-09-30
Research By: TWC Staff

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