Share

Native Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Search native plant database:
Name:    
Family:    

Cylindropuntia imbricata (Tree cholla)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Cylindropuntia imbricata

Cylindropuntia imbricata (Haw.) F.M. Knuth

Tree cholla, Walking stick cholla, Cholla

Cactaceae (Cactus Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: cyim2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Cylindropuntia imbricata, tree cholla, is found in a wide range of environments, from the hot deserts of west Texas to the Colorado mountains above 6,000 feet. It has stout, quite thick branches, bearing fairly short white or light brown spines, 10 to 30 per areole (occasionally fewer), that allow the green stem color (purplish in times of cold weather) to be clearly visible, and the plant reaches heights of 8 feet, with most stems quite high above the ground, supported by a strong central trunk.

The attractive violet flowers are followed by knobbly orange fruits that stay attached to the plant for many months. Spines grow from elongated tubercles, which help differentiate the plant from similar species in its range, principally the cane cholla.

Description provided courtesy of The American Southwest.

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Size Notes: Up to 8 feet tall.
Flower: Pink, violet.
Fruit: Orange fruits stay attached to the plant for many months.
Size Class: 6-12 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug

Distribution

USA: AZ , CO , KS , NM , OK , TX
Native Distribution: South Colorado, all across New Mexico, west Texas, far southeast Arizona, west Oklahoma, west Kansas.
Native Habitat: Varied; grassland, scrubland, woodland, hillsides.

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

From the National Suppliers Directory

According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:

Far South Wholesale Nursery - Austin, TX

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX

Bibliography

Bibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 15 - The American Southwest (1994) John Crossley

Additional resources

USDA: Find Cylindropuntia imbricata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Cylindropuntia imbricata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cylindropuntia imbricata

Metadata

Record Last Modified: 2013-07-13
Research By:

Go back