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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Cornus foemina P. Mill.
Stiff dogwood, Swamp dogwood
Synonyms: Cornus stricta
USDA Symbol: cofo
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A highly variable shrub or small tree to 20 ft. tall. Twigs are reddish, becoming gray with age. Small, white flowers make up the convex to flat-topped flower clusters. Fruits are bright blue.
The genus cornus is Latin for a horn.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
AL , AR , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , NJ , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA Canada: ON Native Distribution:
DE to IL, s. to FL & TX Native Habitat:
Swamps & uplands USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Wet or moist soils, adapting to drier sites.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Propagation by seed is possible. Seed Collection:
Seeds can be stored or sown without extracting them from the fruit. Seed Treatment: Fruit
may be sown immediately or stratified for spring planting. Commercially Avail:
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Record Modified: 2010-11-16
Research By: TWC Staff