Collinsonia canadensis L.
Citronella horsebalm, Richweed, Stoneroot
Lamiaceae (Mint Family)
USDA Symbol: coca4
A coarse perennial, up to 5 ft. tall, with large, oval, toothed leaves to the top of the stalk, and long, branched, terminal spikes of small, yellow flowers which stand above the leaves. The lower lip of each flower is fringed and extends beyond the upper lip. These flowers have a distinct lemony odor.
This tall wildflower is typical of moist woodlands. Its foliage as well as its flowers have a citronella-like odor. Tea can be brewed from the leaves, and the rhizome was formerly used as a diuretic, tonic, and astringent.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AL , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Native Distribution: FL to MO, n. to NH, Ont. & c. IL
Native Habitat: Moist, rich, rocky woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Soil Description: Humus-rich soil.
Conditions Comments: Easy to care for and pest free. Benefits from wintercover. Foliage is sensitive to frost.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Suppliers DirectoryAccording to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
American Native Nursery - Quakertown, PA
Toadshade Wildflower Farm - Frenchtown, NJ
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Collinsonia canadensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Collinsonia canadensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Collinsonia canadensis
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff