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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Clintonia umbellulata (Michx.) Morong
White clintonia, White bluebead-lily
Synonym(s): Clintonia alleghaniensis, Xeniatrum umbellulatum
USDA Symbol: clum2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A low plant with a basal clump of broad, glossy, slightly pubescent leaves surrounding an 6-20 in. leafless stem topped by a cluster of nodding white flowers speckled with green and purple. Black, spherical berries follow the flowers.
Long-lasting leaves remain green all summer, creating an excellent groundcover for shady spots. This species is considered easier to establish and maintain than the more northerly C. borealis.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Simple Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun
, WV Native Distribution: NJ,
s. to GA
mts. Native Habitat:
Cool, rich mt. woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Shade
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Humus-rich soils.
Conditions Comments: Long-lasting leaves remain green all summer, creating an excellent groundcover for shady spots. This species is considered easier to establish and maintain than the more northern C. borealis.
PropagationDescription: Usually propagated by dividing clumps or underground runners in fall or early spring, but may also be readily grown from seed planted immediately after ripening.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Must be stratified; accomplished naturally by planting outdoors.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Mt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2010-05-01
Research By: TWC Staff