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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Clarkia amoena (Lehm.) A. Nelson & J.F. Macbr.
Farewell to spring, Farewell-to-spring, Herald-of-summer
Onagraceae (Evening-Primrose Family)
USDA Symbol: clam
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (NI)
An open plant with showy, pink, cup-shaped flowers in a loose inflorescence. Farewell-to-spring is an erect or sprawling annual with showy, 4-petaled, cup-shaped, pink flowers occuring in the axils of several of the uppermost leaves. The large flowers are highlighted with a splash of bright red on each petal. Below the flowers are four reddish sepals which often remain attached after the flower buds have opened. The leaves of this 1-3 ft. Clarkia are narrow.
As the lush grass watered by spring rains begins to turn gold in the dry heat of summer, Farewell-to-spring begins to flower. The flowers close at night, and reopen in the morning. The genus name honors Captain William Clark of the Lewis and Clark expedition to the Northwest in 1806. There are about 30 species, most in California, some very rare.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual Habit: Herb Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
, WA Native Distribution:
Coastal areas from B.C. to c. CA Native Habitat:
Coastal slopes & bluffs
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Nutrient-poor, sandy loams.
Conditions Comments: Soil should be moist until flowering starts, then it can be quite dry. Seed strains vary in color and habit; some are low and spreading, others tall and erect. Pinch out the central leader to encourage branching and heavy bloom. Do not thin seedlings as crowding encourages blooming.
BenefitUse Food: Indigenous Californians sowed Clarkia species and gathered the seeds to grind for food.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Sow seeds after last frost in cold-winter zones. Where winters are milder, sow seeds late summer through fall. Germination is easy and it usually takes less than 90 days from seed to flowering plant.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2008-10-19
Research By: TWC Staff