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Chrysolepis sempervirens (Kellogg) Hjelmqvist
Bush chinquapin, Sierra chinquapin, Sierran chinkapin
Synonyms: Castanopsis sempervirens
USDA Symbol: chse11
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A low-spreading, round-topped shrub, 2-7 ft. high, with smooth bark. Oblong leaves are gray-green on top, rusty-gold underneath. Insignificant flowers can be ill-smelling. Burs are chestnut-like.
The Bush Chinkapin can be difficult to distinguish from a shrub variety of the Giant Chinkapin, and the two are known to hybridize in some areas.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Jun
CA , NV , OR Native Distribution:
N. Coast Ranges, CA to s. OR Native Habitat:
Dry, rocky slopes & ridges; 2500 to 11,000 ft. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Gravelly or rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
PropagationDescription: Seeds germinate readily when planted in fresh, moist peat. Layering may be successful.
Seed Collection: Nuts mature in the fall of the second year. After being spread out and dried, the burred fruits may open spontaneously. Otherwise spread the burs between thick canvas sheets and trample.
Seed Treatment: Cold stratification does not improve germination.
Commercially Avail: yes
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff