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Celtis laevigata Willd.
Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco
USDA Symbol: cela
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Tree with broad, rounded, open crown of spreading or slightly drooping branches. Sugar hackberry can grow 60-80 ft. in height and equally as wide with a broad crown and graceful, pendulous branches. Its smooth, pale bark is marked with lighter, corky patches. Deciduous leaves up to 4 inches long, blades ovate to narrower with a long, tapering tip, usually with smooth margins and an unequal base which is tapered on one side of the midrib and rounded on the other. Fruit spherical, 1/4 inch in diameter and usually dull red.
Frequently heavily parasitized by mistletoe.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr
, WY Native Distribution:
through Coastal Plain and Piedmont to FL,
w. to c. IL,
& TX Native Habitat:
Thickets, open woodlands, stream, river banks
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Various moist soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay, Clay Loam, Caliche type
BenefitUse Ornamental: It is sometimes used for street planting in the lower South (of the USA). It often comes up in vacant lots and in fencerows, common along streams and in bottomlands.
Use Wildlife: At least 10 species of birds including robins, mockingbirds, and other songbirds eat the sweetish fruits.
Use Other: Principal uses of the wood are for furniture, athletic goods, and plywood. It is used to a limited extent for flooring, crating, fuel, cooperage, and posts. The wood is yellowish, close-grained, soft, weak, weighing 49 pounds per cubit feet.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Deer Resistant: Moderate
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Stratified seed sown in spring or untreated seed sown in fall. Can be rooted from juvenile wood and from root sprouts or suckers.
Seed Collection: Pick mature fruits in late summer until winter. Air-dry with pulp on or soak overnight and rub pulp off on screen. Store in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Seed Treatment: Stratify 60-90 days at 41 degrees.
Commercially Avail: yes
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Edible plants native to Austin, TX
August 05, 2009
I am a chef from Buenos Aires Argentina visiting Austin, Texas and would like to learn about native, edible plants in the region.
Please let me know if there are any native, edible plants...
view the full question and answer
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
- Austin, TXPineywoods Native Plant Center
- Nacogdoches, TXSibley Nature Center
- Midland, TXBrackenridge Field Laboratory
- Austin, TXPatsy Glenn Refuge
- Wimberley, TXStengl Biological Research Station
- Smithville, TXTexas Parks and Wildlife Department
- Austin, TXTexas Master Naturalists - Lost Pines Chapter
- Bastrop, TXNational Butterfly Center
- Mission, TXJacob's Well Natural Area
- Wimberley, TXMt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2009-04-24
Research By: NPC