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Waitt, Damon E.
Cercis canadensis var. mexicana (Rose) M. Hopkins
USDA Symbol: cecam
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Deciduous 5-12 feet multi-stemmed shrub or small tree. Leaves simple, cordate, alternate, leathery, glossy green, with undulating margins. Flowers red. Fruit a pod to 10 cm long.
Mexican redbud is smaller in stature, has smaller, glossier, and more wavy-edged leaves, and is more drought tolerant than Texas redbud (Cercis canadensis var. texensis).
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape: Cordate
, Reniform Leaf Venation: Palmate Leaf Pubescence:
Tomentose Leaf Margin: Entire Breeding System:
, Monoecious Size Notes:
10-15 ft normally, but can reach 25 ft and grow much taller than that in northeastern Mexico Leaf:
silvery green Autumn Foliage:
Flowers 1/2 inch long
Green or brown or red, 2-4 inches Size Class:
6-12 ft. , 12-36 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr
TX Native Distribution:
Texas west of the Pecos River south into northeastern Mexico Native Habitat:
Hilly and mountainous areas, usually in calcareous soils USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2)
Drought Tolerance: High
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Calcareous, limestone-based sands, loams, clays, often rocky
Conditions Comments: One of three Cercis canadensis varieties naturally occurring in Texas, the Mexican redbud is shorter and more compact in Texas than the others and is more likely to have multiple trunks. The leaves tend to be darker, smaller, and slightly ruffled along the margins. South into northeastern Mexico it reaches greater heights than it does in Texas. Like other redbuds, Mexican redbud is stunning in bloom.
Blooms ornamental, Attractive, Understory tree,
or shrub Use Wildlife:
Browse, Nectar-bees, Nectar-butterflies, Nectar-moths, Seeds-granivorous birds. Conspicuous Flowers:
Butterflies Larval Host:
Henrys Elfin butterfly Nectar Source:
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Cercis canadensis var. mexicana
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Native plants for butterfly garden in Waco, TX
February 03, 2008
Few weeks ago I sent you a letter but never got an answer back.
I would like to have your suggestions of native plants for a butterfly garden (30'x 30') here in Waco. The plants must be (1)drought ...
view the full question and answer
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Record Modified: 2009-11-23
Research By: TWC Staff