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Cercis canadensis var. canadensis (Eastern redbud) | NPIN
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Cercis canadensis var. canadensis (Eastern redbud)
Makin, Julie

Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

Cercis canadensis L. var. canadensis

Eastern redbud

Fabaceae (Pea Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: cecac

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Ovate
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Base: Cordate
Inflorescence: Raceme
Fruit Type: Legume
Flower: Flowers 1/2 inch
Fruit: Red
Size Class: 12-36 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Mar

Distribution

USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , NE , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV
Native Habitat: Shaded woods, Stream, river banks, Woodlands edge, Opening, Open woodlands

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Limestone-based

Benefit

Use Ornamental: Showy, Attractive, Understory tree, Fast growing, Accent tree or shrub, Fall conspicuous
Use Wildlife: Nectar-bees, Nectar-butterflies, Nectar-moths, Nectar-insects, Fruit-birds, Browse.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Larval Host: Henrys Elfin.

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
Provides Nesting Materials/Structure for Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Cercis canadensis var. canadensis is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Elf
(Microtia elva)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Patsy Glenn Refuge - Wimberley, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX

Bibliography

Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Bibref 297 - Trees of Central Texas (1984) Vines, Robert A.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

From the Archive

Wildflower Newsletter 1985 VOL. 2, NO.4 - Message From Helen Hayes, Head for the Hill Country, Spring Tours at the Center,...

Recommended Species Lists

Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.

View Recommended Species page

Additional resources

USDA: Find Cercis canadensis var. canadensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Cercis canadensis var. canadensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cercis canadensis var. canadensis

Metadata

Record Modified: 2013-09-07
Research By: TWC Staff

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