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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Castela erecta ssp. texana (Torr. & Gray) Cronq.
Allthorn goatbush, Amargoso, Goat-bush, Texan goatbush
Synonyms: Castela texana
USDA Symbol: caert
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A thicket forming, spiny shrub with bitter bark. Found on exposed hillsides and in prairies. Branchlets light colored, terminating in stout spines bearing lateral ones. Leaves firm textured, up to 1 inch long by 1/4 inch wide, with a pointed or rounded tip and smooth, turned down margins, the upper surface shiny, the lower covered with fine hairs visible under a 10x hand lens. Flowers small, red to orange, occuring singly or in small groups. Fruit fleshy, red, roughly spherical, slightly flattened, up to 3/8 inch long. Bark reputed to have medicinal properties.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Flower:
Red Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Orange
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
TX Native Distribution:
Chaparral & brush country, Prairie/Plains/Meadows/Pastures/Savannahs, Hillsides/Slopes Native Habitat:
Chaparral & brush country, Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs, Hillsides, Slopes USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
BenefitUse Ornamental: Attractive, Blooms ornamental, Fruits ornamental, Showy
Use Wildlife: Nectar-insects, Browse, Fruit-birds, Fruit-deer, Nesting site
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
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Record Modified: 2008-04-01
Research By: TWC Staff