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Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw.
Synonym(s): Botrychium virginianum ssp. europaeum, Botrychium virginianum var. europaeum, Botrypus virginianus
USDA Symbol: bovi
Reaching a height of 3 ft., this fern is unique in that its fertile portion is really a continuation of the main stem and rises from between the lower-most pinnae. The fronds, which occur singly, appear early in the spring and last through summer, though the fertile portion withers quickly. The sterile portion is twice-pinnate.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb
, Fern Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Apr , May
, WY Canada: NB
, PE Native Distribution:
Circumboreal, irregularly s. in America to FL,
Mex. & w. WA Native Habitat:
Moist, rich, deciduous
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Deep, humus-rich soil.
Conditions Comments: Requires more care than other ferns. Must have proper soil, water, and protection from insects and winds.
PropagationDescription: Propagate by spores.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0652
Collected Jun 6, 1992 in Medina County by Harry Cliffe
Record Last Modified: 2012-07-06
Research By: TWC Staff