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Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn
Bouvardia ternifolia (Cav.) Schlecht.
Scarlet bouvardia, Firecracker bush, Trompetilla, Clavillo
Synonyms: Bouvardia glaberrima
USDA Symbol: bote2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Firecracker-bush or scarlet bouvardia is a 2-4 ft. shrub with shiny, oval, dark-green leaves and bugle-shaped red flowers, 2 in. long, the rim flaring into four segments. The flowers are arranged in clusters at the ends of the numerous erect branches. A shrub with brilliant scarlet, tubular flowers in loose clusters at ends of numerous erect branches.
The spectacular red corolla attracts, and provides nectar for, hummingbirds. The Spanish name, Trompetilla, which means little trumpet, refers to the corollas shape.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Complexity: Simple Size Notes:
Flowers 2 inches long Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
AZ , NM , TX Native Distribution:
Throughout Mex. highlands, n. to Trans Pecos & NM Native Habitat:
Among boulders and rimrock of dry mt. sites USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Igneous, Gravelly, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Dry, rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Most often used as a flower. Snipping old blooms will keep plant neat and dense.
Blooms ornamental, Border, Perennial
garden, Planned landscape Use Wildlife:
Nectar-hummingbirds, Browse Conspicuous Flowers:
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Seed; softwood cuttings
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
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Record Modified: 2009-04-18
Research By: TWC Staff