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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Baccharis pilularis DC.
Coyotebrush, Chaparral broom, Coyote bush
Synonym(s): Baccharis pilularis ssp. consanguinea, Baccharis pilularis var. consanguinea
USDA Symbol: bapi
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A leafy, much-branched, erect or rounded shrub, 4-8 ft. high and wide. Leaves are oval to rounded and shiny, bright green. Axillary and terminal flower clusters are numerous, made up of small, whitish-yellow flowers. Coyotebrush is perhaps the most common and widespread shrub in coastal brush communities in northern and central California, becoming gradually less common southward. The genus name Baccharis refers to the Roman god Bacchus, a god of vegetation and of wine; pilularis, meaning “pill-shaped,” refers to the round, flat flower heads.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
Bloom Notes: Male flowers yellow, female flowers white.
, OR Native Distribution:
Coastal areas from s. CA
to Tillamook Co., OR Native Habitat:
Wooded or scrubby, coastal hillsides & canyons below 2000 ft.
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry CaCO3 Tolerance:
High Drought Tolerance:
High Soil Description:
Dry sandy soils. Conditions Comments:
Seems to be deer proof. Drought-tolerant. Very fast growing; can mature in 1-2 years. The typical B. pilularis is a prostrate
or decumbent shrub
to 1 ft. tall, occurring farther s. in CA.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds , Softwood Cuttings
Description: Increase by sowing seed or taking cuttings in summer. Germinating seeds under mist or a plastic tent is recommended in some sources. Others suggest sowing seeds in sandy seed beds in fall or early spring.
Seed Collection: Collect ripe fruits by hand. Fruits can be rubbed to remove the pappus. Seeds are tiny. Keep seeds moist.
Seed Treatment: No pretreatment is necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Thin as needed.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2009-04-08
Research By: TWC Staff