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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Aristida stricta Michx.
Pineland threeawn, Wiregrass
Poaceae (Grass Family)
USDA Symbol: arst5
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
This wiry, clumping grass grows to 2 feet tall and is the principal grass found in Southeastern Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris) savannahs from Mississippi eastward. It is fire-dependent, setting seed only after being burned. In the garden, it maintains a tidy shape.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Brown
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
, SC Native Distribution:
North Carolina to Mississippi. Native Habitat:
Sandy areas, pine savannah, moist prairies, and coastal plains. The predominant grass in Longleaf Pine Savannah.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Drought Tolerance: Low , Medium
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Highly acidic, poor, sandy, pineland soils.
Conditions Comments: Typically grows in fast-draining sands of pinelands, but can tolerate seasonal flooding.
BenefitUse Ornamental: A tidy, well-behaved clumping grass for Southeastern gardens.
Use Wildlife: Bachmans Sparrows eat the seeds. Deer browse the leaves.
Interesting Foliage: yes
Deer Resistant: No
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Division , Seeds
Seed Collection: Seeds produced only after autumn fires, so can only be collected after this happens.
Maintenance: Requires periodic fall burns to produce seed.
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FAC || FAC |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-12